The Albanians and their role in the exploitation of prostitution in Europe

It is dated 16 September, the European arrest warrant from Belgium, against a 37 year-old Albanian, G.A., for the crimes of trafficking and child trade, prostitution and voluntary personal injury. But this is only one of the news that see as protagonists the albanians and the exploitation of prostitution in Europe.

The phenomenon of trafficking from Albania to Europe, especially to Italy, of women for prostitution has developed mainly in the last decade and are especially the family clans of northern Albania, poorest and backward, that, thanks to the accomplice of the corrupt police, organize the movement of girls. Since the prostitution has been a great form of income, criminal network later could also invest in other criminal channels on Italian soil.

Albanian crime has also created a network for girls from other Eastern European countries, often recruited by deception, kidnapping and ads. Albania, then, represents the site of disposal of these girls; it is here that are bought or forced into prostitution.

In our complex and globalized society there are many uncomfortable situations and prostitution also becomes a conscious choice, as in the case of girls from families with economic difficulties or those exhibiting a cultural, psychological or emotional deficiency. Even from neighboring Greece, The EKKE, the Hellenic National Centre for Social Research, points out that the Albanian crime exploits the Greek crisis while finding new low price prostitutes.

And there’s more: on the Italian soil, the Albanian crime, together with the Romanian, also has an important role in the racket of prostitution of transsexuals.

Foreign media often report of clashes between Albanian gangs and those Romanian for the receipts derived from the ”Rent of the workplace” of the girls, where the best seats cost more than the others (an average of 50 euro). These bribes are then paid to the criminal association’s bosses.

Being mainly transnational phenomena, trafficking in human beings and the exploitation of prostitution must be fought through a strong collaboration between the Countries. In Italy, gor example, the Article 18 of the Consolidated Law on Immigration “protects the victims of trafficking for sexual or labor exploitation releasing a residence permit that recognizes the full legal subjectivity, thus taking away clandestinity conditionings”.

We must find instruments of contrast, such as specific national awareness campaigns on this issue, developing effective instruments of repression of this kind of exploitation, often on underaged girls.

The sexual slavery ban has finally been reiterated by the “European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms” of 1950 according to which “slavery in all its various forms is a crime against humanity and it is contrary to the rules of ius cogens of customary international law”.